Manufacturer Gardner Porcelain Factory

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porcelain Factory & nbsp; "Manufactory of Gardner" was founded in 1754 by the Englishman Franz Gardner and for more than two hundred and fifty -year history, it created masterpieces of porcelain art, which became the decoration of the decoration. Imperial palaces of Russia and Europe.

F. Gardner's porcelain factory
History

The first private porcelain factory in Russia He was founded in 1766 by the Russified English merchant Franz Yakovlevich Gardner in the village of Verbilka Dmitrovsky district of the Moscow province. To establish production, F. Gardner invited I.-G. Miller, familiar with the recipe for the porcelain mass of D. Vinogradov; The preparation of the painters was engaged in the invited German, the artist of the porcelain I. Kestner.

In the early period of his activity, “The Manufactory of Gardner in Verbils” produced products (dishes and figures) according to the samples of the famous Mason Porcelain Factory.

In the 1770-1780s, by order of Empress Catherine II, the plant fulfilled four order sets (George the Victorious, Andrei of the First-Called, Alexander Nevsky, St. Vladimir of Prince Vladimir), intended for the solemn techniques of gentlemen of the main orders of Russia in the Winter Palace. For the high quality of the products in 1785, the Moscow governor appropriated the enterprise “The right to depict St. George the Victorious as a sign of it by the court.”

F. Gardner's porcelain manufactory was one of the best private plants in Russia. Throughout the XVIII-XIX centuries. Gardner's porcelain not only competed with the products of the imperial porcelain factory, but had a great influence on the products of numerous private porcelain enterprises, becoming an object to follow. The factory developed porcelain, earthenware, scourge, products from biscuit masses. The main share of the products was tea and dining rooms, piece dishes, decorative dishes, trays, vases, as well as a variety of decorative plastic plastic. The masters of the plant owned a variety of porcelain decoration techniques: underglazuric and supra -glazing painting, printing technique, relief, and manufacturing plastic parts. The theme of murals was unusually wide: floral garlands and bouquets, landscape and architectural views of cities, portraits of heroes of the war of 1812 and military plots, genre scenes and type of images, monograms and coats of arms of the nobility. The source of many plots and images was engravings, various book and magazine publications.

In 1856, F. Gardner's porcelain factory received the title of supplier of the court of his Imperial Majesty, confirmed in 1865, 1872, 1882 and 1896.

until the beginning of the 1890s, the plant belonged to the descendants of the founder of production. In 1892, the enterprise, together with factory models, forms, drawings and samples, as well as with the right to use the Gardner brand, was bought out by M.S. Kuznetsov at the last owner of Elizabeth Gardner and was transformed into the “Partnership of the production of porcelain and earthenware products of M.S. Kuznetsova. "

After the 1917 revolution, the plant was renamed the Dmitrov State Porcelain Plant. Currently, the enterprise is called “Gardner Manufactory in Verbils” and is an honorary member of the Kremlin suppliers guild.

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