Khrapunov-New Factory


Khrapunov-New Factory

In 1848, the breeder Yakov Khrapunov married Agafye Novye and the factory was called the "Factory of Khrapunov-New in the village of Kuzyaevo." The Khrapunov-New Factory was located near Gzhel and was a large production that manufactures porcelain and earthenware. At the beginning of its work, the factory borrowed technical and artistic techniques, as well as the painting of porcelain products of Gardner and Popov enterprises. Porcelain and faience were produced very good quality, the Khrapunov-New Plant made porcelain tea and coffeeware, as well as a dining dish from faience.Services made at the Khrapunov-New Factory were distinguished by the artistry of painting, and even some products could compete with the products of T-va Kuznetsov.

As a raw material used:
Kaolin from the Glukhovsky deposit in Ukraine (less often Azov or imported);Field Spatty from Finland;quartz and river sand from the village of Kotelnika near Moscow;The porcelain and earthenware battle, which before adding to the shiht, was crushed to a powder state.

This is how the well-known statistics and hygienist A.V. Pogozhev described the production process at the Khrapunov-new manufactory in his study “Essays on Factory Life in Germany and Russia”: “Most of the works were conducted manually.Only the process of grinding of the shiht and kneading the finished clay mass was mechanized, for which a steam engine was used, with a capacity of 20 liters.With.Three buildings were taken under the release of dishes, the same in area and layout.Masters of the weapons in pottery circles formed cups and teapots, and then adolescents-workers sculpted to the blanks of the pens and noses.They also helped to knead the clay and pour gypsum forms.

In the second building, the dishes were prepared for firing and glazed, and then dried in muffle furnaces.The following was the process of heat treatment in two mountains, one of which was intended for porcelain products, and the other for earthenware.11 small workshops, where women worked exclusively, were taken under the painting.In total, the staff included from 250 to 350 people. ”From the description it is clear that the conditions at the manufactory were far from ideal.Remaining the largest in the Bogorodsky district, she but by organizing labor was no different from less successful competitors.

Faance was decorated with peculiar printed drawings.Sometimes drawings using black paint.Some products of the factory were devoted to portraits of the royal family.Dishes with interesting children's scenes were also made. The factory of Khrapunov-New was glorified by the painting of tea utensils and the giftedness of local artisanal painters. Subsequently, a decorative sculpture began to create a decorative sculpture at the Khrapunov-New factory, taking European products for examples, such as the Meysenic manufactory and Russian, like Gardner. From the products of the factory, not many products have come to our time in good safety, so their value is so great.For the most part, the factory put the brand Ivan the new, the letter N, NH, br.New and A.V.A new, as well as subsequently put the blue underglave stigma of the Khrapunov-New Factory.Sometimes there are products without a stigma. In 1917, the Khrapunov-New Factory was sold, and a year later, nationalized.Not subjected to special modernization, already becoming the Kuzyaevsky factory, the production of tea and dining rooms continued. Currently, the products of the Khrapunov-not-new plant are rare for the rare private plants of the Russian Empire and are highly appreciated in the antiques market.

Auction of works of art and antiques provides the opportunity to purchase

purchase lots on the topic are presented "Khrapunov-New Factory"