The history of Johann Haviland Company dates back to 1855, when David Haviland opened a porcelain factory
HAVILAND and CO.In Libra, France.Having left New York to open one of the most advanced porcelain enterprises in Europe, David Havland, Haviland and Koom soon became known all over the world.In 1891, Haviland and Co were divided into two separate companies, Theodore Haviland and Haviland and Co., Theodore Haviland Co.He headed the second son of David Havland, Theodore, while Haviland and Co.He was headed by the eldest son of David, Charles.Two firms fiercely competed for a share in the dishes market.In 1907, the eldest son of Charles, Jean Havland, decided to leave his father’s company and move to Germany.
He officially changed his name to John and began the construction of a porcelain factory in Waldershof.Unlike Theodore Haviland, Limogen and Haviland and Co., John's factory produced everyday porcelain and hotel dishes using the Johann Haviland stamp.The new company grew quickly.
For several years, John Havland has successfully promoted his porcelain throughout Germany and the USA.In 1914, the first shots of the First World War were made when Germany invaded Belgium.Germany intended to crush Belgium and finally conquer France.The activities of Johann Havland during the First World War are known very little, but over the next four years, the German population suffered from an acute lack of food and production.Industrial production in Germany was reduced by 57% in the first two years of the war.
Most of Germany’s coal was aimed at military needs, as a result of which the population and industry of Germany remained with a much lower main source of fuel.Because of this, it is likely that the production of the dining rooms of Johann Havland was slowed or stopped during the First World War.
The Great War ended with the signing of the October truce and Versailles agreement.The victorious allies imposed tough surrender conditions for Germany, who unleashed the First World War.Germany was forced to pay allied powers $ 26.35 billion as military reparations.Due to the fact that Germany was in debt, and inflation grew, many German firms were forced to close or sell their assets to foreign companies.In 1924, Johann Haviland was sold to the Italian company Richard Ginori Porcelain.Over the next few years, Richard Ginori Porcelain has shown only a fleeting interest in its acquisition by Johann Haviland.Ultimately, the assets of Johann Havland were returned to Germany when the plant was bought by Rosenthal.
Unfortunately, after Rosenthal bought Johann Haviland, the company was unable to increase production to full capacity due to the beginning of the new war.The Second World War began in 1939, when the German Adolf Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia.
And again, the people and resources of Germany were distracted by military operations.After the Second World War, Rosenthal began to actively sell the porcelain of Johann Havland in the United States.Many models created in the second half of the century were sold or distributed along with products.Many families purchased their model of Haviland China, purchasing one item at a time when the family made purchases in a grocery store.Residents of the United States approved the design of Johann Havland because it resembled an elegant lemon design, thanks to which the name Haviland became popular.To satisfy the demand for these designs, the Haviland Waldershof factory remained open until the end of the 1980s.