Porcelain production - since 1795
England owes the development of the production of hard porcelain, but with a slightly modified chemical composition, to the manufacturer Josiah Spode. In 1795, he began to produce a new version of porcelain, called bone, or English hard porcelain. It was solid porcelain with the addition of previously opened bone china. Products from this mass had unexpectedly great success on the market. Spode's partner was William Copeland, who later collaborated with his son Josiah Spode Jr. In the first half of the XIX century . a number of new joint-stock companies were created (Spode and Copeland, Copeland and Garrett, etc.). Further improvements in the methods of creating porcelain mass followed, they wanted to find porcelain as close to the present as possible. In 1829, the factory became the full property of William Copeland and still operates under the name "Copeland and Sons".
The main emphasis in the work of the Spode factories was placed on low-cost production. The tableware was produced mainly of a simple shape, but elegant and with decorative elements in the spirit of the time. So, at the beginning of the 19th century, dishes in the style of the English Empire were produced with landscapes, views of rural life, wildflowers.Dishes with hunting themes are still in demand.
There is also a factory in Stoke-on-Trent, founded by Thomas Minton, which produced porcelain similar to Spode porcelain both in artistic level and in the choice of decor.
Spode - Copeland -