Wallendorfer Porzellan or Wallendorf Porcelain is a porcelain company that has been operating since 1764 in Licht (Wallendorf) in the Thuringian Highlands of Wallandorf is one of the stamps of porcelain in Germany and throughout Europe.
In the 18th century, the territory of Licht (Wallandorf) was located in two different principalities with the Lichta River, forming the border.On the western coast there was Schwarzburg-Zelestadt, and on East-Saxen-Koburg-Zaalfeld.
In 1761, almost 50 years after the invention of porcelain production by Erenfrid Valter von Chirnhaus and Johann Friedrich Bettger, Johan Wolfgang Gamman from Katjutta filed an application to the House of the Chartsburg-Ru-Zelestadt for the concession of porcelain production.Unfortunately, only three days ago this concession was provided by Henry Maheleid in Sitzendorf, so Hamman's request was rejected.However, he did not abandon his dream.A year later, he could already burn solid porcelain in Katsyutta, and a year later he purchased the Baron Gogntal's estate in Licht on the banks of the Sachs-Koburg-Zaalfeld river.
Finally, the Duke of Saksen-Koburg gave Gamman his concession on the production of porcelain, and in 1764, together with Gotthelf Grainer and his cousin Gottfried Grainer, he founded the company of porcelain in Lichta (Wallandorf).As a result, a brand of Wallendorf Porcelain was created, one of the oldest porcelain brands in Europe.
Initially, Wallandorf porcelain was made using local raw materials.This was the main reason for unclean and tinted porcelain.However, by 1780, Czech Kaolin was already used, as a result of which a snow -white solid porcelain was obtained.According to expert Wilhelm Marcius in 1793, "Wallandorf porcelain is now brilliantly white,. The beautifully" painted and so hard that even sparks are thrown by friction on steel. "
Until 1833, the company remained in the hands of the Hammann family.The subsequent stormy years were characterized by frequent shifts of owners.Among the well-known names of porcelain and quality even today, you can find Hutschenreuther, Kämpfe, Sonntag, Hebach, Fraureuth and Schaubach.Changes in property and economic ups and downs were reflected in changes in intramarcies.This time, the imitation of the Meseen porcelain trademarks were noticed and became the subject of complaints to the electoral Saxen-Koburg land administration.Today's trademark of the letter W under the crown and year of the foundation of 1764 was introduced 200 years after the founding of Wallandorf porcelain.
The typical nature of Wallandorf porcelain has been preserved for almost two and a half centuries to the present day.In 1764, the production of coffee, tea and chocolate of handmade began, and in 1785 they were supplemented by figurines.These areas are still the main areas of production.Of course, the technology for the preparation of raw mixtures and firing procedures have changed.Nevertheless, a special detailed composition invented by Hamman was improved and experienced for centuries as a completely secret, accessible only for insiders.Typical handmade procedures, such as quality management and manual painting, remained practically unchanged.