KPM (Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur) is the oldest porcelain manufactory in Germany, which was founded in Berlin in 1763 by by order of King Frederick II of Prussia. The name "Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur" translates from German as "Royal Porcelain Manufactory".
Like many other porcelain factories of the time, KPM was created as a result of the monarch's desire to create a national industry that could compete with other countries. Frederick II invited experienced craftsmen from Saxony to Berlin to help found a factory.
In the early years of its existence, KPM used exclusively white porcelain and created products in a classic style. However, over time, the factory began to develop and create more and more bold and original designs.
KPM was one of the few factories that continued to operate during the First and Second World Wars. During the Second World War, the factory was almost completely destroyed, but was rebuilt after the war.
Today KPM is one of the world's leading porcelain manufactories. Her products remain popular due to their high quality and unique designs. The factory employs many highly qualified craftsmen who create products by hand using traditional methods of porcelain production.
KPM products include various items, from plates and mugs to sculptures and even porcelain teeth. Each product is hand-crafted and goes through strict quality control to ensure that it meets the factory's high standards.
A feature of KPM is also the use of new technologies in the production of porcelain.
For example, the factory uses 3D printing to create unique designs and introduces new methods of preparing glazes and paints
KPM (Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur) plates from Germany are known for their high quality and luxurious design. Some of the interesting features and facts about KPM plates are as follows:
History: KPM was founded in Berlin in 1763 by Frederick II of Prussia. The factory has become one of the most famous porcelain manufacturers in Europe, and its products have been exported all over the world.
Quality: Each KPM plate is created manually by craftsmen using only high-quality materials. KPM porcelain is distinguished by its whiteness, durability and luster, which makes it ideal for use in restaurants and hotel rooms.
Design: The design of KPM plates is known for its luxury and elegance. It includes various motifs, from classical to modern, and can be drawn by hand or applied using printing technology.
Collectibles: Many KPM plates are collectibles, as they are often created in limited series. Some KPM designs may be rare and expensive, especially if they were produced many years ago.
Innovation: KPM does not stop looking for new ways to produce porcelain and introduce innovative technologies. For example, the factory used 3D printing to create unique designs, and also developed new methods of preparing glazes and paints.
KPM plates are high-quality and exquisite products that are appreciated by both professional cooks and art lovers.
In addition, KPM is known for its porcelain collections, which are dedicated to the history and culture of Berlin and Prussia. One of the most famous collections is the Berlin collection, which was created in the 19th century and includes more than 140 items, including vases, candlesticks and figurines. The collection "Neuzierat" also deserves mention - it was created at the beginning of the 20th century and includes products with oriental ornaments.
Another interesting fact about KPM is that the factory produced porcelain teeth that were used as dentures for teeth in the 19th century. These porcelain teeth were so popular that the factory began to mass-produce them and export them outside of Germany.
KPM is also known for its sculptural works, which were created by famous artists such as Rene Lalique and Carl Timpel. Some of these sculptures have been recognized as national treasures and have been exhibited in museums around the world.
In general, KPM remains one of the most famous and respected porcelain manufactories in the world. Its products are highly appreciated by collectors and art lovers due to their high quality and unique designs, which continue to develop and surprise with their originality.
Famous sculptors and artists
Many famous sculptors and artists who created unique and outstanding works worked at KPM.
One of the most famous artists who worked at KPM is Friedrich Emerisch, who became director of the factory in 1833. He created many works of art from porcelain, including famous series of vases and sculptural groups such as "Cupid and Psyche" and "Venus and Adonis". These works of Emeric are still considered classics of porcelain art.
Another famous sculptor who worked at KPM was Karl Timpel. He created many sculptures that were recognized as masterful works, including the sculpture "Girl with Doll" and "Horse with Rider".
Another famous artist who worked at KPM was Rene Lalique, who created several series of porcelain sculptures in the mid-20th century. His works were distinguished by a unique style and originality, and today they are real collector's items.
In addition, such famous artists and sculptors as Thomas Wilms, Adolf Ambrosius Frauk, Paul Wegener, Emil Pakht and many others worked at KPM.
Most of the works of these artists and sculptors were highly appreciated by critics and became real masterpieces of porcelain art. Today, many of these works of art can be seen in museums and private collections around the world, and they continue to inspire art lovers and porcelain manufacturers.